The Turkish state has been trying, for two years, to control the M4, the international road, after occupying Serêkaniyê and Girê Spî in 2019, by escalating its attacks on the international road, which is 33 km from the Turkish border in the Ain Issa district, so it targets the villages directly, using cannons, missiles, tanks, and drones.
The importance of the road geographically and commercially
The M4 international highway starts from the far north-east of Syria, where the border point with Iraq is from Tal Koçar, passing through Qamishlo, then Tal Tamr in the Jazira region and Ain Issa district in the Euphrates region, Manbij and Al-Bab until it reaches Aleppo.
The M4 road continues from the town of Saraqib towards the west until it reaches the city of Latakia. In Saraqib in the Idlib region, the M4 road intersects in the south with the international road M5 towards Hama and Homs, then the capital Damascus and continues to Lebanon and Jordan.
The international highway is important in its vital dimension, which links the northern and northeastern regions of Syria with the western and southern regions. This is why it is a strategic link between the most important regions in Syria, and is considered the main artery.
The Turkish occupation state took advantage of the importance of this road after occupying the areas of Serêkaniyê and Girê Spî in the wake of the October 9, 2019 attacks, to try to advance and occupy it in order to cut it completely, so it targeted cars and trucks from its bases scattered near it.
Through its military attacks and direct targeting of the M4 road with heavy weapons, Turkey is trying to cut the link between the three regions of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria.
The most targeted villages on the international road
Al-Malikiyah (suspended): It is located in the northwest, 2 km from the center of Ain Issa district, and 500 meters away from the international road that passes from its north.
Khalidiya: It is located 6 km west of Ain Issa district center, directly on the southern side of the international road.
Hushan: It is also located to the west of the district center, at a distance of 8 km, directly on the south side of the international road.
Dibs: It is located 12 km west of the district center on the northern side of the international road, at a distance of 300 meters.
Sidon: It is 2 km away from the center of the sub-district on the northern side. It is distinguished by its height compared to the rest of the villages and overlooks the center of the district.
Al Mushairfa and Jabal: They are located on the eastern side of the district, a distance of 4 km, north of the international road, and the road leading to Tal Tamr passes through it. If it is occupied by Turkey, it will besiege the Ain Issa district from the eastern side.
Al-Fatasa: It is located 10 km east of the district, 2 km south of the international road.
Al-Safawiyyeh: It is located 15 km east of Ain Issa district, and 800 meters away from the international road on its southern side.
Eastern Troisia and Southern Troisia: They are also located in the eastern countryside, at a distance of 60 km, and directly on the international road.
As a result of the continuation of Turkish attacks on the mentioned villages on an almost daily basis, the percentage of destruction in those villages reached about 95 percent.
The reason for targeting these villages is that they are located along the international road, and the occupation seeks to access and control the road, cut off the road linking the city of Kobani, Manbij, and the district of Sarin and Ain Issa in the western end, and cut off the road between Al Jazeera and Ain Issa district in the eastern end. The Turkish state to occupy the center of the district and impose its control on the international road.
The Turkish occupation state aims to occupy the western countryside of the city of Girê Spî and to occupy the Ain Issa district and the international road to besiege the city of Kobani from three sides.
Why Ain Issa district?
Ain Issa district is located directly on the international road, 72 km southeast of Kobani, 50 km north of Raqqa, 35 km south of the occupied city of Girê Spî.
Ain Issa district is of great importance in the region, as it represents an important transportation node, linking the Afrin and Euphrates regions with Al-Jazira region through the international road “M4” that passes through it, and is also characterized by local roads linking it to the border city of Tal Abyad with Turkey and the city of Raqqa.
In addition, the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria was established in Ain Issa, along with a large number of civil institutions and their affiliated councils there.
Ain Issa district is also considered the first line of defense for the city of Kobani, Manbij and the city of Raqqa, as it is located along the important road network for the mentioned cities.